In many industries and applications, industrial pipes are used for transportation of solids and fluids. Industrial pipes and fittings play a vital role in our modern society. They transport water, gas, sewage, etc., and provide essential services for industries such as oil and natural gas pipelines, power plants, chemical processing facilities, refineries, steel mills, paper mills and many others.
Agru Australia is one of the leading manufacturers of industrial pipes in Australia. We manufacture various types of industrial pipes and fittings such as PVC pipe, HDPE pipes, etc. Our products are widely used in many industries such as construction, mining, oil & gas, water supply, power generation, food processing, chemical industry, etc.
Learn more about the importance and uses of industrial pipes in this blog.
What is an Industrial Pipe?
Industrial piping systems transfer fluids throughout manufacturing plants. These pipes and fittings are used in industries such as chemical plants, oil refineries, metal fabricators, pharmaceutical facilities, food processing companies, water treatment plants, mining operations, power generation plants, pulp mills, oil drilling platforms, etc. Industrial piping designs and components vary greatly based upon what industrial application of pipe, what materials are used, and the required service life of the pipe.
Pipes and fittings need to meet certain criteria regarding their strength, durability, flexibility, resistance to corrosion, ease of installation, cost, availability and environmental impact. They need to have excellent mechanical properties and maintain these properties over time, even under extreme conditions. In addition, they need to be able to withstand various stresses, such as vibration, pressure fluctuations and temperature changes. A variety of materials and designs are used to construct these industrial systems. Different materials require different types of pipe joints to ensure maximum performance over the life of the system. For example, polyethylene pipes require crimp fittings, whereas stainless steel pipes require threaded unions.
The selection of suitable piping and fitting materials depends on the industry in which they will be used. Pipes made out of galvanised iron and stainless steel are used widely in most industries, while thermoplastic pipes are used mainly in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Piping system components include water mains, service lines, valves, controls, heat exchangers, metres, and fixtures. Pipe sections (e.g., bends, elbows, tees, straight runs, valves, manifolds, etc.) can be made from different materials and combinations thereof.
Valves, fittings, and other components can be constructed using either metal or plastic parts. The most common types of valves used in industrial applications are ball valves, gate valves, butterfly valves, plug valves, globe valves, diaphragm valves, and flapper valves. Fittings may be threaded, soldered, crimped, welded, bolted, glued, solvent bonded, or adhesively bonded.
Industrial Plastic Pipes
Plastic pipe is a widely used material in industry worldwide. Industrial plastic pipes are made up of different grades according to its application. These grades include PVC, CPVC, ABS, polypropylene, etc. One of the major advantages is that they are resistant to corrosion. Plastics are highly versatile materials. They can be easily moulded into various shapes and sizes. Plastics are economical and cost effective. In terms of durability, they offer excellent resistance against deterioration due to weather conditions, chemical attack or moisture penetration. Many plastics are recyclable and reusable. Some of these are listed below.
PVC Pipe & Fittings
These pipes are used for plumbing applications for domestic, industrial and commercial use. They are manufactured using chemical processes. They can be found in two forms namely rigid and semi-flexible. Rigid PVC pipes are commonly known as Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC). They can withstand high temperatures and low temperatures and also high pressures. These pipes are inexpensive compared to others. They can be cut, bent and shaped without any difficulty. Other than their good mechanical properties, they are chemically inert. PVC pipes can be recycled easily.
PE Pipe & Fittings
Polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings are widely used for sewage, stormwater and other applications. They are highly resistant against chemicals such as acids, alkalis, corrosive agents and heat. PE pipes are available in different diameters, lengths and wall thicknesses. They can be installed underground or above ground, depending upon the application. They are also widely used in agricultural, residential, commercial, industrial and mining sectors. Due to their durability and flexibility, these pipes are widely used for pipelines and irrigation.
Cross-linked polyethylene (CPE)
CPE is considered to be an improved version of PVC and is manufactured by cross linking polyethylene molecules. CPE pipes are used in chemical plants, refineries, petrochemical plants, power stations, oil wells, gas pipelines, water supply networks, sewage networks, etc.
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
Used in building products, household appliances, and food packaging.
A spiral hose is a kind of tube used for carrying fluids. Its construction depends upon the fluid flow within the tubing. Spiral hoses are generally constructed out of plastic material. Most of them are made up of polyolefin. Their durability makes them suitable for both indoor and outdoor use. In order to prevent leakage, they need to be tightly sealed and should not be exposed to direct sunlight. These hoses are available in different diameters, lengths and thicknesses. They are commonly used for carrying gases, liquids, oil, lubricants, fuels, solvents, paints, oils, adhesives and pesticides.
Size of Industrial Pipes
Pipe sizes vary based on the requirement, such as size, length, diameter, wall thickness, materials, etc. Industrial pipes come in different size ranges, from small diameter pipes used for water supply and irrigation pipe up to large diameter pipes used for sewer and waste disposal.
Standard nominal pipe sizes range from ¼ inch through 1¼ inches. However, there are many different standard nominal pipe sizes available depending upon the application. For example, PVC pipe is available in diameters ranging from 3⁄8 inch to 2 inches and lengths ranging from 10 feet to 25 miles. Pipelines transporting crude oil are usually much larger than those carrying drinking water. For instance, a typical 6 inch pipe diameter would be used for water supply lines, while a larger 12 inch pipe size could be used for sewer pipes.
Some of the factors that you must consider when choosing the right industrial pipes include pipe length, diameter, material, installation method, pipe coating, etc. Below are some important considerations for choosing your industrial pipes,
- Pipe Length: The length of the pipes depends on where the pipes are going to be installed. Longer pipes are more expensive. But, it also ensures that the flow of fluid will not be affected by gravity. For instance, if you only use half of the pipe due to space constraints, then it would cause a slow down in the delivery rate. This may result in wastage of energy. Hence, it is advisable to purchase the longest pipes possible.
- Pipe Diameter: If you are installing the pipes in areas where there is heavy traffic or machinery, it is advised that you go for wider pipes. It is always better to install thick pipes rather than thin ones. There is no difference between the two types of pipes except for their diameters. However, this does not mean that thinner pipes cannot be installed. Depending on the location, smaller pipes can be used. For example, if you are installing the pipes underground, then you can choose pipes with small diameters because you need to drill them into the ground.
- Material:One of the most important aspects of a pipe is its material. In general, most industrial pipes are made up of either plastic, aluminium or steel.
- Installation method: When installing pipes through soil, the method adopted should depend on the type of soil found. Soils are different in different regions.
- Cost Effectiveness: Cost effectiveness depends on the type of pipe selected, the size of the pipe, number of joints involved, length of the pipe and other factors. It also depends on the location where the pipe will be installed. If the pipe is located underground or underground then the cost of the pipe would be less than the above ground pipe. In case of underground pipe, other factors such as soil conditions, presence of any obstructions like utility poles, cables or transformer stations etc should also be taken into account while selecting the pipe material.
- Operating Pressure & Temperature: Operating pressure and temperature should be considered while selecting pipe material. For example, stainless steel is suitable for operating pressures up to 15 bar whereas carbon steel is suitable for operating temperatures up to 200 F.
- Liquid Flow Rate: Liquid flow rate is another important factor which should be considered while selecting the pipe material for the pipeline. Pipelines carrying corrosive liquids demand special attention as they require a higher grade of pipe material.
Applications of Industrial Pipes
Water Supply: Water supply systems use pipes made of polyethylene (PE). The pipes are usually joined using compression fittings. Some water supply systems employ flexible hoses made of rubber or other elastomers.
Oil & Gas: Oil and gas pipelines are made of steel or copper. Both of these materials are heavier than plastics. Pipes made of polyethylene are preferred because they are lighter, cheaper, and corrosion resistant. The main purpose of these pipes is to move crude oil and natural gas from one location to another.
Chemical Processing: Chemical plants employ pipes made of polybutylene or polypropylene. These piping systems are very similar to those used in the oil and gas sector. The role of industrial pipes here is to transport the chemicals safely and efficiently across the plant.
Food Production: Food production requires pipes made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). These pipes are used for transporting fluids throughout the facility.
Manufacturing: Manufacturing processes involve using different types of chemicals and other materials where the purpose is to separate those substances into different forms like liquids, gases, powders, crystals, pellets, etc. These chemicals and other materials are transported through pipes from place to place.
Construction: Structural members, building construction, water distribution systems, sewer systems, storm drainage systems, fire protection, etc.
Depending upon the intended application selection of appropriate type of pipe and planning the piping layout and necessary fixtures can be a complicated endeavour. We can help you select the most appropriate and economical pipes and fixtures for your specific needs. Our team would like to hear from you and assist you in all your plumbing needs. Contact us for more information.
A wide range of AGRU solutions are designed to solve bottlenecks and improve efficiency, covering everything from wastewater management to chemical storage. Agru’s AGRUCHEM Industrial Piping Systems offer industrial users a wide range of pipes for transporting fluids, as well as fittings, valves, and special components which are all vital in this field. To cope with the variety of operating conditions in industrial applications, we offer PE, PP, PVDF, and ECTFE materials. Agru polyethylene and polypropylene are excellent materials for industrial piping systems. To learn more about AGRU pipe, fittings & valves, please contact.