Irrigation management is required for an efficient irrigation system to work properly, and it must be attentive to the sorts of equipment used as well as regular inspection of their functionality. For irrigation systems to operate effectively, it is important to have the proper agricultural pipes and connections in place.
Irrigation systems depend on pipes to function, and if the pipes are not the right one, then both performance and maintenance are affected. Pipelines run through all types of irrigation systems, including hand-moved sprinklers, solid-set sprinklers, centre pivot irrigation systems, and trickle or drip irrigation systems. An irrigation pipe can be set underground, on the surface, or overhead. The right type of irrigation pipe is therefore extremely important.
What is an Agricultural Pipe?
Agricultural pipe is a flexible tube made up of plastic or rubber. It consists of a main pipe and branch pipes connected to it. Main pipe carries water from source to destination. Branch pipes carry water from the main pipe to individual fields. This type of pipe is available in different sizes. They are widely used in farms, gardens, lawns, etc.
Agricultural pipes are available in three forms: unslotted, slotted, and slotted with a sock. Water collection and transfer is accomplished with the use of the slotted pipe. The sock is a fine mesh material that surrounds the pipe and is used to keep soil out of the slots. Unslotted pipes are used to transfer water.
Irrigation pipes should have the following characteristics like chemical resistance, fire resistance, corrosion resistance, and low thermal conductivity.
Advantages of using agricultural pipes are,
- Water is supplied to the crop without any wastage.
- No need for manual labour.
- Easy to install.
- Less maintenance cost.
- Large amount of water can be supplied to the crop within a short period of time.
- Irrigation and sprinkling of crops can be done simultaneously.
- Environment friendly.
- Agricultural pipes can be easily repaired.
- Increased lifespan
- Agricultural pipes make farming easier.
- Ensure uniform distribution of water over the entire crop.
Commonly Used Irrigation Pipes
Irrigation pipes are used in a wide range of applications, including indoor and outdoor water supply in cities and villages, rural water development, agricultural irrigation, brine pipelines in the salt and chemical industries, water delivery in aquaculture, mine ventilation, water supply and drainage systems.
Traditional surface irrigation, normal sprinkler irrigation, and micro irrigation are the three most common forms of agricultural water management. Common agricultural pipes and irrigation methods include the following,
PVC Irrigation Pipe: PVC pipes are highly durable, making them the perfect choice for farming in all types of weather. They’re free of rust and corrosion worries, unlike metal ones. Furthermore, they’re resistant to dampness and chemicals.
PE Irrigation Pipe: Suitable for irrigation in a range of locations, including field irrigation. Electric heat melting is utilised to link the piping system and the pipe body has a higher strength than the joint.
Micro Spray Belt: Used to irrigate the field with water pipes and micro-spray pipes. A drizzle-like spraying effect is created by gravity, air resistance, and water supply through the micro-spray belt’s water outlet holes. This method is mostly used in vegetables, mushrooms, nurseries, orchards, flowers, and greenhouse crops cultivation.
Drip Irrigation Tape: It’s a handy way to add water to the roots of the plant. It involves using a plastic pipe to channel water through an orifice or dripper on a capillary with a diameter of 10mm for local irrigation. It’s a dripper, also known as drip irrigation tape, that goes into the outflow orifice quite tiny and slowly
Sizes of Agricultural Pipes
The size of each of these pipes varies according to the requirement or its application. They are available in different lengths and diameters. The size of pipes depends on the amount of water needed to irrigate crops. Depending on the size, there are three main types of agricultural pipes, like small diameter pipe, medium diameter pipe, large diameter pipe.
How To Choose the Right Type of Agricultural Pipe?
There are various types of agricultural pipes available such as PVC pipe, CPVC pipe, PE pipe, PEX pipe, etc. Each type of agricultural pipe has its own advantages and disadvantages. When choosing the right type of agricultural pipe, there are certain factors that one must consider. These factors include the following,
- Size: The size of an agricultural pipe depends on where it will be installed. If it will be installed underground, then you should use a larger diameter pipe. If it will go above ground, then you should use a smaller diameter pipe.
- Material: A pipe’s quality is primarily determined by its material. Pipe material affects durability and cost. You should select a material that meets your needs.
- Durability: Durability refers to how well the pipe withstands weather conditions. For example, PVC pipe is durable, but it does not last forever. PVC pipe cannot withstand extreme temperatures. Therefore, it is recommended to use PVC pipe for indoor applications only.
- Cost: Cost is affected by the materials used. Some agricultural pipes are made out of plastic. They are cheaper than metal pipes. However, they are less durable. Other agricultural pipes are made out of metal. These pipes are expensive. But they are more durable.
- Installation: Installation is affected by the location of the pipe. If it is going to be installed underground, then it should be buried deep. Otherwise, it will be exposed to the elements.
- Maintenance: Maintenance is affected by the type of pipe. For example, if the pipe is made out of metal, then it requires regular maintenance.
Applications of Agricultural Pipes
These pipes are used in many sectors such as food processing, dairy industry, poultry farms, etc. They are used for irrigation purposes. There are many advantages associated with these pipes. Here are some of the uses for irrigation pipes,
Irrigation: Irrigation systems are used to provide water to crops. Irrigation systems consist of a network of pipes that deliver water to plants.
Water Transport: Water is essential for life. Water supply systems are used to distribute water to homes and businesses. Agriculture uses a lot of water. Farmers use pipes to move water from one place to another. Pipes are used to transport water from wells, lakes, rivers, and streams.
Drainage: Drainage systems are used to remove excess water from fields.
Fertiliser application: Helps in uniform distribution, zero wastage of fertilisers and reduced labour.
Flood Control: Irrigation pipes prevent soil erosion and protect crops from floods. Flooding can cause severe damage to crops. Irrigation pipes divert surface water away from crops and allow them to grow undisturbed.
Crop Protection: Irrigation pipes protect crops from pests and diseases. Sprinkler heads release pesticides directly onto plants. Drip lines deliver fertilisers and herbicides to plants.
Before you decide to buy a pipe and riser system, make sure you know what your specific requirements are. The type of irrigation pipes you select may have an influence on the cost and long-term effectiveness of your irrigation system. Agru Australia is one of the leading industrial pipe and agricultural pipe suppliers in Australia. We provide agricultural pipe products at affordable prices. We offer a complete set of pipe and fittings systems with a variety of products for one-stop purchasing. We produce and supply Ag pipes & HDPE plastic pipes and fittings that meet customer requirements and industry standards. If you would like to find out more about us or discuss your specific requirements, please contact us today.